On June 9, 2006, amidst ongoing rocket attacks against Israel and IDF responses, eight Palestinian civilians (including 3 children) were killed by an explosion on a Gaza beach in disputed circumstances. Though there was no footage of the attack, a widely aired and truly heartbreaking video shown repeatedly at the time, showing a young girl screaming in grief by her dead father, was enough to convict Israel in eyes of many observers.
Palestinians immediately labeled it a “massacre”, a narrative of Israeli culpability accepted without scrutiny by many major media outlets and NGOs. The following photo of the young Palestinian girl, Huda Ali Ghalia, became iconic:
However, an IDF investigation concluded a week later that “that the incident did not result from fire by IDF forces that day.” Their findings were based on an inconsistency between the shrapnel found in the one of the wounded babies and the metal used in…
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